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Child Abuse 2015
23 October, 2015

In a report prepared by Dr. Loveleen Kacker, IAS, Srinivas Varadan, Pravesh Kumar in year 2007

  • Every fifth child in the world lives in India
  • Every third malnourished child in the world lives in India
  • Every second Indian child is underweight
  • Three out of four children in India are anaemic
  • Every second new born has reduced learning capacity due to iodine deficiency

Have you ever thought about the difference between the approaches we have for our children, students or young adults. We have advanced ourselves a lot in all the possible areas for the progress of mankind. When the moon or mars is not that far from us we have set apart ourselves from our own family and children. We are in the era where both the parents are working to survive for a better life; children are being neglected, and given in strangers hands for taking care.

Here are some of the facts which will really make you think for a while about the safety of your child.

  • Approximately 5 children die every day because of child abuse.
  • 90% of child sexual abuse victims know the perpetrator in some way. 68% are abused by a family member.
  • In 2012, 82.2% of child abuse perpetrators were found to be between the ages of 18-44, of which 39.6% were recorded to be between the ages of 25-34.
  • 1 in 10 children will be sexually abused before they turn 18
  • While releasing a survey, women and child development minister Renuka Chowdhury said, "Child abuse is shrouded in secrecy and there is a conspiracy of silence around the entire subject. The ministry is working on a new law for protection of children's rights by clearly specifying offences against children and stiffening punishments.” In 50% of child abuse cases, the abusers were known to the child or were in a position of trust and responsibility and most children did not report the matter to anyone.
  • The first-ever survey on child abuse in the country disclosed that nearly 65% of schoolchildren reported facing corporal punishment — beatings by teachers — mostly in government schools.
  • Of children physically abused in families, in 88.6% of the cases, it was the parents who were the perpetrators. More than 50% had been sexually abused in ways that ranged from severe — such as rape or fondling — to milder forms of molestation that included forcible kissing.
  • When it comes to emotional abuse, every second child was subjected to emotional assault and in 83% of the cases, parents were the abusers.

Here are some of the categories of child abuse. Even the child labour is included in the child abuse. At present there are 17 million children labour in India. A study found that children were sent to work by compulsion and not by choice, mostly by parents.

Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Emotional Abuse Girl Child Neglect
Slapping/Kicking Sexual assault Humiliation is the lowering Self-esteem by Lack of attention to girls as compares to brothers.
Beating with stave, stick Shaking Making the child fondle private parts Making the child exhibit private body parts

Exhibiting private body parts to a child

Photographing a child in the nude

Forcible kissing

Sexual advances during travel situations Exposure- children forced to view private body parts

Exposure- Children forced to view pornographic materials
Humiliation is the lowering Self-esteem by harsh treatment, ignoring, shouting or speaking rudely, name calling and use abusive language to a child

Comparison is between siblings and with other Children.
Lack of attention to girls as compares to brothers.

Less share of food in the family.

Sibling care by girl child. Gender discrimination.

Here are some of the preventing measures which you can practice with your child.

Be involved in the child’s life. Being actively involved in a child’s life can make warning signs of child sexual abuse more obvious and help the child feel more comfortable coming to you if something isn’t right. If you see or hear something that causes concern, you can take action to protect your child.

Show interest in their day-to-day lives. A simple 10 minutes with your child can solve a lot of your issues. Ask them about what they did during the day? Who did they sit with at lunchtime? What games did they play after school? Did they enjoy themselves?

Get to know the people in your child’s life. Ask your child about the kids they go to school with, the parents of their friends, and other people they may encounter, such as teammates or coaches. Talk about these people openly and ask questions so that your child can feel comfortable doing the same.

Choose caregivers carefully. Whether it’s a babysitter, a new school, or an afterschool activity, be diligent about screening caregivers for your child.

Know the warning signs. Become familiar with the warning signs of child sexual abuse, and notice any changes with your child, no matter how small. Whether it’s happening to your child or a child you know, you have the potential to make a big difference in that person’s life by stepping in.

Encourage children to speak up. When someone knows that their voice will be heard and taken seriously, it gives them the courage to speak up when something isn’t right. You can start having these conversations with your children as soon as they begin using words to talk about feelings or emotions. Don’t worry if you haven't started conversations around these topics with your child—it is never too late.

Teach your child about boundaries. Let your child know that no one has the right to touch them or make them feel uncomfortable — this includes hugs from grandparents or even tickling from mom or dad. It is important to let your child know that their body is their own. Just as importantly, remind your child that they do not have the right to touch someone else if that person does not want to be touched.

Be available. Set time aside to spend with your child where they have your undivided attention. Let your child know that they can come to you if they have questions or if someone is talking to them in a way that makes them feel uncomfortable. If they do come to you with questions or concerns, follow through on your word and make the time to talk.

Let them know they won’t get in trouble. Many perpetrators use secret-keeping or threats as a way of keeping children quiet about abuse. Remind your child frequently that they will not get in trouble for talking to you, no matter what they need to say. When they do come to you, follow through on this promise and avoid punishing them for speaking up.

It’s high time to say NO to child trafficking. It’s high time to take some concrete steps on the path of giving our child a safer world to live. Let us make an effort spread the awareness to make sure that no child is left unheard.